Training manager explains technical details of Hansgrohe products

Product guide: your answer to frequently asked questions

What would you like to know about the modern bathroom?

Three-hole faucet, concealed installation, pillar tap – these are some of the technical terms on our website. Hansgrohe explains all the background information and how it will help you plan your bathroom.
Don’t worry, you don’t have to learn any technical jargon. We want you to have the exact bathroom you desire: Detailed information and technical details will also help you to achieve your goal quicker when talking with the retailer.

Here you will find everything you need to know about our products:


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Kitchen Faucets


Normally pot fillers are connected to a cold water supply behind the stove of mounted next to the stove on a counter top.  Most pot fillers have double-jointed spouts that allow the arm to extend forward towards the burners of a stove, when finished filling a pot the arm then folds back against the wall in a resting position.  Most have a single handle close to the base of the pot filler which controls overall water volume.


Pull-Out Kitchen faucet

These faucets are generally single-hole faucets that have a retractable spray head that you can “pull out“ from the faucet body. Our spray heads have an ergonomic fit that sits easily in your palm, they also utilize two spray functions which are needle and full spray modes. The spout neck swivels 150 degrees from the center allowing for full coverage in standard kitchen sinks, the pull-out feature increases the overall mobility and functionality of these types of faucets allowing for easier dish cleaning.

Kitchen Anatomy

Main Kitchen sink faucet- These faucets are installed above the main kitchen sink which can range from 22 to 36 inches wide, the main kitchen faucet gets the most abuse so it is wise to purchase one with high quality. Generally the main kitchen faucet stands anywhere from 13 to 25 inches high with a spout reach of 7 to 11 inches. It is important to remember that the main kitchen faucet needs to be large enough to cover both sides of the sink.

Prep-Faucet- The prep faucet is a secondary installation which offers more versatility in the kitchen. Generally a prep faucet stands anywhere between 10 to 15 inches high and is geared to work with sinks that range anywhere from 9 to 16 inches wide. Prep faucets have a spout reach between 6 and 8 inches, these faucets are generally used to clean vegetables and smaller amounts of dishes while preparing a meal.

Bar Faucet- The bar faucet is of a small stature utilized generally in bar areas, these faucets are used to wash glasses and sauces without having to involve the main kitchen sink or prep sink. In most cases bar faucets stand anywhere between 7 and 15 inches, 15 being the largest. Since bar sinks vary in size and configuration the best practice to pick the sink than find a corresponding faucet that will work in that space.

Beverage faucets- The beverage faucet is not used for dish washing purposes, they generally only offer cold water but in most cases are used with water filtration units. Beverage faucets are the smallest in the kitchen faucet family ranging between 6 and 9 inches.


Single-hole faucet

Single-hole kitchen faucets can be mounted with or without a baseplate, they are mounted in single-hole applications either directly onto a surface or upon a drop-in sink.  They generally have one handle that controls temperature and water pressure, which makes it easier to operate the faucet while cooking or washing dishes.




Single lever faucet

One lever for both mixing and jet strength – practical one-hand operation. The single lever faucet is quick, because the intuitively selected position of the handle usually creates the ideal mixing ratio. The amount and temperature of the water are adjusted easily – depending on handle variants – by tilting, swiveling and pulling forwards. Since the desired temperature is achieved quickly, this also makes the faucet environmentally friendly. After all, plenty of water flows away unused when testing the temperature.

Discover the Hansgrohe single lever faucets.

Axor Citterio M Einhebelmischer

Vessel bowl faucet

A lavatory mixer – usually a single lever faucet – with a higher spout. As a rule, it is necessary for countertop sinks or basins where the faucet is not installed directly on the ceramics, but on the vanity (or a separate shelf). The shaft must be longer for the water to flow into the basin at a comfortable distance, meaning it is significantly higher than the rim of the basin. Since these have varying dimensions, we can offer you the possibility of several heights for the Highriser.
A Highriser guarantees excellent comfort and spaciousness. Transform your bathroom into a ComfortZone!

You can find the Highriser models with the single lever lavatory faucets.

Axor Citterio M Highriser

Two handle faucet

The two handle faucet is operated with both hands. A lever or knob on the left and right of the faucet shaft adjust the hot or cold water. In this respect it is similar to the three-hole faucet, where the control units are located on the left and right, but separate from the outlet. Both faucets accommodate a particular sense of style. More so than the single lever faucet, they conform to a traditional bathroom image and are popular in classic bathrooms. The technology is state-of-the-art, of course. Since you don’t achieve your desired mix as quickly, the two handle faucet usually uses more water than a single lever faucet.

Discover the Hansgrohe two handle faucets.

Axor Montreux Zweigriffarmatur

Three-hole lavatory faucet, three-hole faucet

A lever or knob for the hot water on the left, one for cold water on the right, the outlet in between, stand-alone – a classic image of an encounter with water in the bathroom. Accordingly, the three-hole faucet is popular in classic bathrooms. However, even modern design elements match brilliantly with this product category. The term reminds us that three holes are needed in the vanity or basin rim in order to use them.

Axor Urquiola 3-Loch Waschtischarmatur

However, more and more frequently we see the three-hole faucet on the wall too – nearly always in pre-wall installations. In this case, the vanity and ceramics remain unaffected and are easier to maintain. The control units are installed above the sink along with the outlet. The outlet must be designed appropriately for this (depending on the type of sink).

Axor Urquiola 3-Loch Waschtischarmatur Unterputz

The three-hole faucet finds a clean base on the installation plate, with which it is installed on the vanity or wall in many cases. While the plate covers up irregularities on the base, it is also an extremely decorative detail. Instead of a single-piece plate underneath all three faucet components, escutcheons can also be used. They also sometimes help to compensate for small errors behind the faucet. However, they are also an attractive transition between the faucet and its base – whether tiles, plastered wall or vanity.

Another application area for the three-hole faucet is the bathtub – here however, preferably as the four-hole faucet variant including handshower (see below). 

Discover the Hansgrohe three-hole faucets.

Four-hole rim-mounted bathtub faucet, four-hole tile mounted faucet, four-hole faucet

Water technology on the bathtub rim: Hot and cold water, the bathtub filler and the connection for the handshower hose set – a total of four holes. On the bathtub rim or on the tiles of the bathtub surround.
The four-hole bathtub faucet generally comes with a decorative plate, where everything is arranged in a row. However, you can also use escutcheons instead as a transition between the faucet and mounting base. In this case, you can select an alternative distance to the remaining faucet for the handshower. Both types – plate or escutcheon – also compensate for irregularities and small errors in the subsurface of bathtubs or tiles.

Discover the Hansgrohe four-hole faucets.

Axor Citterio M 4-Loch Wannenrandarmatur

Electronic lavatory mixer, electronic faucet, hands-free faucet, faucet with sensor technology

It knows what we want: the water quantity and temperature are preset and start as soon as we approach the electronic faucet. A variant of this sensor faucet allows the temperature to be regulated using a small operating lever. An infrared signal lets the water flow when your hands are a few centimeters from the outlet – and it stops automatically when you move away. The electronics are operated via batteries in the faucet body. Electronic faucets save water and are often found in public facilities, because they prevent lots of water being wasted from running accidentally.

You can find the Hansgrohe electronic faucets with the single lever faucets.

Metris S Elektronik-Waschtischmischer

Pillar tap

Mixing not possible. The water either flows or it doesn’t. Cold or hot (as per presetting). Suitable for applications where requirements are generally always the same and the individual comfort setting is only required to a lesser extent. The pillar tap is ideal as a simple water faucet connection in the kitchen, in the (guest) toilet or outside. However, it is more than just a cold water faucet – for example on the continuous flow heater. On this device, the hot water temperature is preset, because the faucet has no mixing technology.

You can find the Hansgrohe pillar taps with the valves and diverters.

Axor Citterio M Standventil

Wall-mount faucet

Only the control interface of the faucet is visible: handle, outlet, diverter knob and the control for the thermostat, where necessary. The actual technology of the concealed faucet disappears into the wall – just beneath the plaster (or behind the tiles). This is often implemented as a non-load-bearing wall in modern construction, allowing mixing technology and standardized connector boxes to be used. Alternatively, the wall may also be a typical pre-wall installation with cavities. Since most technology disappears into the wall, concealed installation tidies up the bathroom in a creative way. Nothing gets in the way, the space under the shower is purely for indulging in pleasure.

Axor Citterio M Einhebel-Waschtischmischer Unterputz

Free-standing faucet

The faucet is installed on the floor and also gets its water supply from here. Control handles or levers, the outlet (bathtub filler) and usually an additional connection for the handshower are situated at the upper end of the pipe of the free-standing faucet, which is approximately one meter high. It is preferred for use next to free-standing bathtubs, where the water feed and operation cannot be located on the wall as it is too far away. Piping in the floor is required, as is the possibility of firmly embedding the base for the faucet – the basic set – into the floor.
You can find the free-standing faucets with the bathtub faucets.

Axor Starck Einhebel – Wannenmischer bodenstehend

Bridge faucet

The bridge faucet is a variant of the two handle faucet, and is also a two-hole faucet. It takes us back to the origins of domestic faucet technology, and its new interpretation is reminiscent of classic examples. The supply of water from the left and right is not mixed in a cartridge or mixer ball inside the faucet, but flows together in the faucet itself. This is located in the center of the visible connection between hot and cold – thus alluding to the bridge look. Occasionally, the bridge faucet can also be found in the kitchen, where it is located on a period porcelain sink for example.

Axor Montreux Brückenarmatur

Wash basins

Typology: Wash basin meets vanity

Sink, basin or bowl: We are confronted by water in the lavatory in a number of different ways. Technical characteristics and usage are also a part of the variety of terms. Here you can find the typology for objects we use when handling water in the bathroom.

Narrow basins are known as wash basins, while those measuring more than 24 inches are classified as vanities. The term sink can also be used instead of wash basin. Hand basins are much smaller in most cases and wall-mounted, and are thus only classified as basins.

Apart from this, professionals differentiate between sinks, basins and vanities according to the way they are installed. If the basin is installed on a piece of bath furniture or a plate and both elements can be used independently of one another, then this is known as a countertop sink or countertop basin. Larger models are known as built-in vanities.

Wall-mounted basins/vanities

The basin is mounted on the wall and does not come into contact with bathroom furniture or a plate. A common design is a wash basin with wide edges or shelf mounted flush to the wall, where the faucet is then positioned.

The vanity is installed flush to the wall. A Hansgrohe Metris single lever lavatory faucet is positioned on the ceramics.

The wall-mounted basin or vanity can also be combined with a wall-mounted faucet. This combination is especially practical and neat. Wall-mounted faucets are sometimes a necessity when a design has no wide edges or shelves where a faucet can be positioned, such as the Axor Urquiola collection.

Axor Urquiola wall-mounted wash basin

Wall-mounted basins are designed differently to countertop basins: They have a special wall connection on the rear which allows seamless installation and also contains the attachments. On porcelain basins, the rear side remains unglazed so that it can be positioned completely flush with the wall.

Axor Bouroullec wall-mounted vanity and surface-mounted single lever lavatory faucet

Wall-mounted, mineral cast Axor Bouroullec vanities also have this flush wall connection. The design also offers shelves which can be used individually for accessories, for example.

Find out more about all Hansgrohe wash basins.

Vessel bowls

Countertop sinks and, above all, basins positioned freely on a countertop or piece of furniture have a stand-alone appearance. They often appear as if they could be carried away – though this is not possible due to the connections. Another difference to standard, wall-mounted wash basins (see above) is the type of water supply – faucets cannot be mounted on the basin edge. The faucet is positioned separately on the furniture or countertop behind or next to the basin. A Highriser is used so that the faucet spout protrudes over the basin edge (see also the section on faucets). Alternatively, they can be combined with a wall-mounted faucet. In this case, the faucet must also be aligned according to the basin dimensions so that the water jet hits the center of the basin.

Be inspired by the Hansgrohe wash basins.

Axor Urquiola wash basin

The Axor Urquiola basin is mounted on a plate, and is thus classified as a countertop sink.

Axor Massaud wash basin

The Axor Massaud basin is positioned independently on a piece of bathroom furniture.

Built-in vanities and built-in basins

A built-in basin is where the basin is fully connected to the surface of the furniture and visually merges with it. A built-in vanity is the common designation for widths of more than 60 cm. Mineral casting, steel enamel or ceramics are used as materials.

The built-in vanity also has enough free space for positioning the faucet. In many cases, the faucet is positioned at the rear of the vanity in the center. In new designs, such as the Axor Bouroullec collection, it can also be found on the side shelves or on the furniture surface. The shelves on the Axor Bouroullec vanity do not have to be used specifically for the water supply or control units. They can also be used for bathroom accessories or decorative items. Another variation is the combination of a built-in vanity and wall-mounted faucet. This is ideal for all those who prefer a lavatory with lots of freedom.

Where the basin and shelves merge with the furniture underneath – the Axor Bouroullec built-in vanity.

Built-in basins are joined to the furniture where the Hansgrohe Metris faucets are installed.

Hand basins

These basins are smaller than typical bathroom vanities, and are usually installed in guest bathrooms. As space is limited, small bowls or basins with low projections are used. Additionally, the focus is on hand washing, which means large filling volumes are not necessary. Wall-mounted faucets also save space here, as space on the basin edge is no longer required for the faucet. Wall-mounted faucets are available from Hansgrohe as single lever faucets and two handle faucets.

From a technical perspective, each wash basin can of course be classified as a hand basin. The design and size selected for this purpose depend on the space available and individual tastes.

Hand basins with typically low projections, meaning the Hansgrohe Metris faucet is positioned to the side.

Tubs, bath tubs

Drop-in Bathtubs

Built-in bath tubs are part of the bathroom architecture: for example, integrated into a base or platform or remodelled like a piece of furniture. The surround stabilises the tub and conceals the support structure. As the planner or building owner is free to specify this panelling, the built-in bath tub can also be free-standing in the room – when appropriately adapted. Natural stone panels, tiles or mosaics form the decorative surfaces in most cases.

Around the border of the base constructed for the built-in bath tub, there is space for a tile mounted mixer, which is located within reach of the user.

Both wall and built-in versions of the bath tub can also be combined with wall-mounted mixers. This built-in bath tub is integrated into a constructed platform:

built-in bath tub integrated into a platform with Hansgrohe brand PuraVida mixers.

The built-in bath tub in the Axor Bouroullec collection offers a range of mixer options, because in this case the water inlet and control elements can be located on extra shelves. With Axor Bouroullec, these surfaces around the border are vividly highlighted against the tub body and also provide space for the mixer.

The Axor Bouroullec built-in bath tub is integrated into a constructed base.

Free-standing bath tubs

The bath tub you can walk around. The free-standing bath tub is not connected to a wall and so has panelling (bath tub apron) on all sides or is set into a decorative support. Free-standing bath tubs which are inherently stable sitting on four feet (e.g. lion feet) have a traditional look.

Free-standing bath tub by Philippe Starck with free-standing mixer alongside.

Free-standing bath tub by Philippe Starck (Duravit) with moulded panelling and a free-standing Axor Starck mixer alongside.

The tub with four lion feet is the classic among bath tubs. Combined with a free-standing bath tub mixer.

For fans of the classic bath tub with lion feet, Axor Montreux also offers the free-standing bath tub mixer in a suitable style for water inlet and shower.

The bath tub is free-standing in the room and so needs structural elements to provide for water supply and drainage: for example a free-standing mixer with mixer, hand shower and, if appropriate, diverter. You can use this control handle to choose between filling the bath tub and running the shower. Floor drainage is also part of the free-standing bath tub, for example into the cellar lying below it. Where this kind of design is excluded, the pipe for draining the bath tub into the drainage system is generally laid along the wall. A bath tub platform provides a cover for this technical arrangement.

The Axor Massaud bath tub can be free-standing. In this example, however, it is semi-recessed into a flat platform.

The Axor Massaud bath tub can be free-standing. Here it is semi-recessed into a flat platform.

Discover all the Hansgrohe bath tubs.

Bath tub apron

The visible panelling element in the design of the tub, moulded to the specific curves and dimensions of the bath tub. The apron, or bath tub apron, is made from the same material as the tub, in most cases acrylic. The mounting and installation system is also tailored to the bath tub model.

The bath tub apron ensures a consistent,clean look for the front and sides of the wall-version tub. The free-standing bath tub with an apron all round looks just like it was cast as one piece.